Biology simply is the study of all life forms including human beings, animals, and plants. It deals with the origin, growth, structure, behavior, and reproduction of the living matter.
Combining all aspects of the inner working of life, ranging from the cellular phase to internal structure and the order of living things, the branches of biology have become one of the most sought-after courses.
Amongst a long list of the branches of biology, the main branches include Zoology (the study of animals), Botany (the study of plants), Biotechnology (generation of useful products by using living organisms), Microbiology (the study of microorganisms like bacteria, viruses, fungi, etc.), biochemistry (the study of the chemistry of living organisms) and cell biology (the study of the cell, the basic unit of life).
If we talk about the importance of biology in our daily life then its benefits are endless, it gives humans a comprehensive understanding of their bodies, improves human health by curing common diseases, also provides us the knowledge to solve our problems in the economy and society.
Specializations in Biology
- Cell biology
- Molecular biology
- Marine biology
Courses in Biology
- FSc (pre-medical) 2 years
- BS 4 years
- BSc 2years
- MSc 2years
- MS/MPhil 2 years
- Ph.D. 3-5 years
If we talk about the major career profile in biology then almost every student studying FSc pre-medicine aims to be a future doctor. MBBS is a 5 years’ basic degree that is required to be a doctor.
To get enrolled in MBBS a student must have to pass an entrance test. A doctor is a qualified practitioner of medicine who cures patients by prescribing them medicines.
Pharmacy is the clinical health science that combines medical science with chemistry. It deals with the discovery, disposal, safe and effective use, and control of drugs and medicines. A pharmacist manufactures and dispenses medicines and drugs.
Scope of Biology
As biology has a long list of disciplines and sub-disciplines so its scope is broad. A student may opt any of them by pursuing in a more focused way scope of biology lies in health, medicines, industries, agriculture, etc.
Doctors, nurses, dentists, and all other health assistants have a biology background. Genetically engineered or modified plants accelerate the yield of different crops in agriculture.
Variety of products are manufactured by using natural resources as a raw material in industries. knowledge of biology helps us to control pollution hazards by using microorganisms.
- Health workers
- Veterinary Doctor
- Food scientist
- The government department of agriculture
- Fertilizers company
- Private seed and pesticides companies
- Biology professor
- Research assistant
- Genetic engineering laboratories
Universities offering BS, MS, and Ph.D. in Biology and its disciplines
Some universities offering BS, MS, and Ph.D. in biology are following:
- Lahore university of management sciences
- Quaid-e-Azam University Islamabad
- National university of science and technology (must)
- Comsats University Islamabad
- International Islamic University Islamabad
- Punjab University Lahore
- Preston university Lahore
- University of Okara
- Bahauddin zakariya university Multan
- Women university Multan
- University of Sialkot